Monday, November 9, 2020

Carbon Monoxide News November 9, 2020 – posts updated frequently

Every Day: Carbon Monoxide Safety Education Day

This is a resource that’s always open – ever changing.
Always measure air you breathe - the classroom is everywhere.

If text is in Blue it is a link to a news article, document or video; EXCEPT THIS ONE. Posted links are not edited for grammar errors or regional spelling differences.

Scroll back in time through our archives for previous CO News links (Go to Web View - look at  menu bar on right side).  Viewing the daily CO News links widens your perspective on carbon monoxide, and combustion safety and helps with the engagement of the practiced skill. We can learn from others’ mistakes and efforts to prevent poisoning. Carbon Monoxide Safety, we have always been in this together.

Are you content not knowing how much carbon monoxide is in the air you breathe? Answer - (This is a Yes or No answer)

What is the risk of being nauseous from carbon monoxide?
Answer - You have been. (You will be again.)

Pollution, a known a killer – unfortunately a product of economies
Daily Quote and Song -(birthday artists today)

All creative people want to do the unexpected.
Hedy Lamarr (1914-2000, bio link)

Mary Travers "Children, One and All" music link
World Wide Reports - Pollution and Health Effects- Fire Safety
Carbon Monoxide News Links
November 9, 2020 (International Spelling; no edits)

Wheeling Firefighters: Safety Paramount During the Holidays
Wheeling Intelligencer
Local and national fire safety officials remind the public that while it is meant to be a festive time of the year, the holidays often bring a greater risk of fires in the home. (More at Wheeling Intelligencer)

Air pollution harms most vulnerable
The Ecologist
Air pollution is a rising concern with climate change and wildfires having a growing impact on every day life. - Not only does air pollution worsen these preexisting medical conditions, but air pollution is also a primary contributor to people being diagnosed with them. (Learn more at The Ecologist)

Indore: Covid cases to spike post Diwali
Free Press Journal
The festival of lights indeed brings celebration and happiness in abundance, but at the same time poses problems for patients with pulmonary diseases, especially to the Covid patients. - “Pollution from carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and suspended particulate matters due to ignition of fireworks during the festival would be…” (More at Free Press Journal)

Delhi's air quality remains in severe category for five days in a row
Hindustan Times
Delhi's air quality remains in severe category for five days in a row. The AQI on Monday at 6am was 459, which was higher than the previous day's ... (More at Hindustan Times)

The pandemic of self destruction - smoking
The Great American Smokeout is Nov. 19
Pointer View
Nearly 40 million Americans still smoke cigarettes, and tobacco use remains the single largest preventable cause of disease and premature death in the world. -(Stop and...) After 20 minutes, your heart rate and blood pressure drop; after 12 hours, the carbon monoxide level in your blood drops to normal; and between two ... (More at Pointer View; Serving the community of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point)

"You can't measure COVID 19 in the air but you can sure detect and measure carbon monoxide. Get an early warning. Get low-level CO protection and the start of a house fire may be detected before smoke and smoke alarms activate." Bob Dwyer, CSME Carbon Monoxide Safety
Your CO alarm may be a high-level alarm (most are) 
Please note their Listed CO concentration alarm set points

Be aware and protected
Flu-like symptoms and the health effects of carbon monoxide exposure COSABD7m34s
COSA - Are your symptoms flu-like? Don’t get lost in the symptoms – measure carbon monoxide. No matter what you do for a living you should know about the health impacts of carbon monoxide exposure and what your role in the prevention of poisoning. Bob Dwyer, CSME Carbon Monoxide Safety - Classroom Discussions (Video - Classroom Discussion - March 2020)

Carbon Monoxide in Children
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
As we have noted previously, those numbers could be higher as there are cases where carbon monoxide poisoning occurred but was not suspected. (More at Carbon Monoxide Poisoning)

'This has become my mission': Mom's warning after son dies from carbon monoxide poisoning ...
Yahoo Canada Shine On
Andrew Brady Free died from carbon monoxide poisoning while boating with his family. (More at Yahoo Canada Shine On)

Sophia's Law - Carbon Monoxide Law for Boaters
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources 
Sophia's Law is named for seven-year-old Sophia Baechler, who died from carbon monoxide poisoning while boating on Lake Minnetonka. Sophia's Law took effect May 1, 2018. (Read more at Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.)

Hotel/Motel – Who is responsible for the air you breathe?
Hotel CO Incident Data
The Jenkins Foundation
Dozens of carbon monoxide (CO) incidents occur in U.S. hotels every year. Many of these incidents result in unnecessary harm to hotel guests, (See more of this Jenkins Foundation Data Report)

Predicting when an accidental carbon monoxide poisoning will occur is not something anyone can do, but some circumstances make it foreseeable that it will occur. This is why so many of the CO safety and awareness statements are redundant.

The fact is, some people just don’t get it, don’t understand it, have no respect for the gas or, who knows why? Maybe it is because "accidents happen to someone else". But it is foreseeable that you will read about deaths occurring in this news blog again, despite the collective efforts around the world to prevent death from carbon monoxide poisoning.

COSA – CO Alarm Video - watch and think of those you care about

Purchase link (ESCO(Buy this Low-Level CO Monitor now)
VIDEOS FOR THE CLASSROOM (wherever that is)
The Hair Salon and the Carbon Monoxide Ghost--Prologue; Teaching CO Safety segment, 0007BDCOSA
Carbon monoxide infiltrated a hair salon business and prompted investigators into action. Decisions, testing and precautions in place, the business reopened. Help vitalize critical thinking for the unexpected with this classroom presentation, Part 1.

The Hair Salon and the Carbon Monoxide Ghost--CO Returns; Teaching CO Safety, segment 0008BDCOSA
Precautions in place and the business reopened; the carbon monoxide incident appeared to be an anomaly in normal function of a gas water heater. But then, the carbon monoxide ghost let its presence be known, and the investigators are back at it in Part 2 of this classroom presentation.

The gas water heaters were replaced with electric ones, but the new CO alarms sounded out that the CO ghost had returned. Fresh eyes, more testing and inquiries lead to source identification and the end of this chapter in Teaching Carbon Monoxide Safety for the Life and Death of it.
Carbon Monoxide
What do you do, hope someone else protects you from this toxic gas?
"Taking Carbon Monoxide Seriously" from "CO Safety For Life & Death of it" segment 0006BDCOSA
(COSA - BD 3 min video)
Does it take the death of a family member, friend, neighbor or someone famous for us to take carbon monoxide measurement seriously and with more understanding? Yes, unfortunately; for a while perhaps. Fortunately, there are passionate survivors and those who have felt that shocking loss and work towards greater understanding of the impact CO has on our lives. They rally to educate, instigate fund raisers to help supply CO alarms to others and to dialogue with lawmakers and policy influencers regarding laws, ordinances, and the public offering of the alarms. And you, do you have carbon monoxide protection; everywhere?
Help Save Lives – Be CO Safe
Motel Carbon Monoxide Tragedy and Going Forward
The Jenkins Foundation
The Jenkins Foundation was formed in memory of Daryl and Shirley Jenkins who both lost their lives to carbon monoxide poisoning in a hotel room in Boone, North Carolina, on April 16, 2013. (Visit this web site)  
To all parents everywhere; grief's pain alerts others
Out of tragedy comes the light of love
Chester County Press
Inside, Carly and Daulton had passed away from carbon monoxide poisoning. The gas tank was empty and the ignition was still on. Fumes from the exhaust had been drawn into the car through the air vents… “One of the best things for me is to talk to parents who have also lost a child,” Donna said.
The Hawkins-Gignac Foundation
I was a firefighter for 34 years. But for close to seven years, I’ve had a new mission: to end the silence on The Silent Killer – carbon monoxide. My reasons are very personal. - My niece Laurie Hawkins, her husband Richard and their two children Cassandra and Jordan all died from CO poisoning in December 2008. - A blocked chimney vent forced carbon monoxide from their gas fireplace back into their home. - To honour their memory, our charitable foundation promotes carbon monoxide education and raises funds to purchase CO alarms to be given to at-risk families by fire departments nationwide.
The LOK Wishing Tree Foundation
Lindsey’s family and friends transformed their grief into something new and beautiful: The Lindsey O’Brien Kesling (LOK) Wishing Tree Foundation. The foundation is dedicated to honoring the fullness of Lindsey’s short life by supporting her passions: helping children achieve their dreams, mentoring those less privileged, supporting their potential in the performing arts and by being a friend. We have also made it a priority to help prevent accidental carbon monoxide poisoning for others by raising awareness and distributing free and low cost CO alarms.
There is a lot to learn about carbon monoxide
"Classroom Discussions" A collection of CO Safety training program segments below, crafted from a series of weekly CO News links posted as summaries for the week or time span listed. These segments may contain information critical to saving a life and preventing another carbon monoxide poisoning. Scroll down to Classroom Discussions.
Carbon Monoxide Safety for the Life and Death of it; 0001 Introduction BD
COSA – Educational Invitation 3:12
This is an invitational introduction to carbon monoxide safety awareness education. This begins the provision of information preparatory to taking the ESCO Exam C-12. The full series is being developed for the 2021, HVAC Excellence National HVACR Educators and Trainers Conference to be held online, making it simple, affordable, and safe for all to attend. View this video segment 0001 and visit the ESCO Group at
Site Construction - Every Day Carbon Monoxide Safety Education Continues 
COSA – CO Alarm Video - watch and think of those you care about

Purchase link (ESCO(Buy this Low-Level CO Monitor now)
ESCO Group – HVAC Excellence
The 2021 conference will be an event unlike any before! Participating organizations will be able to conduct training programs from their facilities, allowing them to showcase technologies not readily available at an event conducted at a hotel or convention center. (More to learn, enroll)

NOTE: I made the following video about the measurement of carbon dioxide. I wear a mask when in public. Yes, I measured my exhaled breath directly onto the CO2 sensor, under my mask to demonstrate the concentration of the gas contained within the expiration. My inhalations brought air, room air or outside air back into my system, not just the expired CO2. People are whiny about this mask issue. BD)
COSA – Video – Classroom Discussions
View this short carbon dioxide measurement trip and see the concentrations of CO2 vary by circumstantial conditions and the amount of people in the indoor space. Too many people in a room or building with inadequate ventilation can result in serious health and safety concerns. (See more Classroom Discussions)

COSA - Video to watch and think of those you care about
Intermountain Healthcare
COHb measurement can rule in CO poisoning but does not have the sensitivity to rule it out on its own. COHb levels do not correlate well with severity of poisoning or outcomes… (Much more at this site; view flashcard) 

NOTED: During one of my co-presented seminars years ago, the following animation (link) was shown to us by my colleague John Diem. It has been used in just about every session since to help demonstrate trial and error progression and the learning curves in energy conservation, combustion safety, building science and human intervention if not prepared; all in about 5 minutes. Always a big shout out to the Building Science Community of Alaska - "A Tale of Weatherization at Grandma's House". BD

A Tale of Weatherization at Grandma's House
Story adapted by the Building Science Community of Alaska
How heat, air, and moisture works together to determine your overall home performance level. (Watch this animation - internet dropped via Kousma Insulation)

Everyone has been poisoned by CO and will be poisoned again. The degree of the poisoning depends upon allowing yourself to be in a situation where someone else controls the air you breathe and the mechanisms for alarming notification. We live in combustion based cultures - fire. 

Safeguarding your family and home should be your number one priority at all times, and this is why you must not take chances in any way. - (Read more HSE, OHSA, OHS)

How Many Fires Today?
World Population by Year
Student exercise
Think of the action “fire” and then compare your birth year (or as far back as this chart goes) with the current population. How many fires are there going in the world? Fires spawn heat. Fires spawn combustion gases. How many fires are there? How many fires do you start or share in (even electric if your electricity comes from a fossil fuel fired generation plant miles away.

Fires include heating air and water for skin warmth – heating for cooking – heating for bathing – heating for work transportation (cars trucks, trains, planes, boats, rockets) – heating for recreation extras (vehicles) – heating for funeral pyres – heating for candle ceremonies (including ambiance) – heating for melting earth minerals – heating for burning garbage heating for running errands and activities (kidding, driving errands) and many more uses for heating. That’s a lot of combustion gas in the air, collectively.

Briefly, the world has become joined in a movement of confinement and we collectively required less heat, less fire, less combustion gases. Some have taken stock in what occurred. The benefits of clean, fresh air and the time of reflection on who we are and what we do to dirty ourselves and the planet is about as real a show as you can get. So now go ahead, count your fires as you begin to relight them to get back to normal and remember that pollution is the accepted normal you may be cheering for.
Don’t let poor health symptoms be your carbon monoxide alarm. 
Carbon monoxide poisoning often occurs and reoccurs with common, nagging type symptoms and often confuses the sufferer with headache, tiredness or shortness of breath. Diligent measurement for CO is very easy and can help identify the toxic gas in air and perhaps help in the reduction of some poor health symptoms if the sources are removed or repaired. You could measure or you could guess or seek measurement.

Please Note: "Place a carbon monoxide alarm with a digital display on a seat in the motor vehicle when you are out driving in emergency snow conditions (or always for that specific). Harmful levels of carbon monoxide (CO) can penetrate inside a motor vehicle just due to prevailing winds and exhaust not moving away from the vehicle but under it. If you want to learn more about carbon monoxide, begin measuring it with a personal CO monitor everywhere you go." Bob Dwyer, CSME Carbon Monoxide Safety
Classroom Discussion Sessions Below
The most recommended CO Alarm in U.S. is a high-level alarm
Standard for Single and Multiple Station Carbon Monoxide Alarms
UL 2034
1.3 Carbon monoxide alarms covered by this standard are not intended to alarm when exposed to long-term, low-level carbon monoxide exposures or slightly higher short-term transient carbon monoxide exposures, possibly caused by air pollution and/or properly installed/maintained fuel-fired appliances and fireplaces (More)

Get an earlier warning, learn more about CO in your life
Low-Level Carbon Monoxide Protection and TPI Model 780
COSA - TPI; supporting carbon monoxide safety education - Video
When does your carbon monoxide alarm? How do you test it? Are you sure it is responding to carbon monoxide in a safe, timely manner? Do you know much about your carbon monoxide alarm? This Classroom Discussion segment does highlight low-level CO protection with one of our supporter's manufactured product while it helps with CO alarm education. (View video)
Please, stop diagnostic errors; start testing for carboxyhemoglobin

How much carbon monoxide are you in when in any motor vehicle?
Did you know that many people do not measure the air they breathe?

After prevention there is no greater awareness than measurement. 
Awareness leads to quick thinking. Measurement leads to quick action.

Do you know enough about carbon monoxide and carbon monoxide poisoning to justify never knowing how much is in the air you breathe every day, everywhere you go?”

There are some people who want to be notified of the presence of carbon monoxide at levels or concentrations as soon as the gas is present, at concentrations well below those that can instigate poor health symptoms but not be high enough levels to sound the CO alarm they own.
Your CO alarm may be a high-level alarm 
Please note their Listed CO concentration alarm set points
NOTE: Listed U.L. 2034 & CSA 6.19 Carbon Monoxide Alarms
Must not display under 30PPM in normal operation
AT 70, 150 & 400 PPM display must be accurate within plus or minus 30 Percent

SENSITIVITY TESTING: Resist alarming first times shown, must by second shown time
150PPM [PLUS OR MINUS 5PPM] ... [10 - 50 MINUTES]
400PPM [PLUS OR MINUS 10PPM ... [4 - 15 MINUTES]

And Carbon Monoxide Alarms Are Cross Sensitive to Hydrogen
This is important to know because if there are charging marine or auto batteries in the spaces in or near your CO alarm, the batteries could be out-gassing hydrogen gas and your alarm may sound. Be aware of this when measuring the air near the charging of electric golf carts and electric forklifts. Hydrogen gas is a dangerous gas in confining spaces but it is not carbon monoxide.
You don't have to wait to see what low, aggravating levels of the poison might be in your home, or anywhere as it is happening. Your safety is up to you. Are you responsible for others?
You will find more answers to the questions found on your carbon monoxide safety inspector exam from this point to the end of this page. You may also find information that just might save a life, even yours. (Note: some of the answers to the questions on the exam were also found above this point; good luck.)
"Building Pressures and Carbon Monoxide"
Begin reviewing building pressure technologies with:
TEC - The Energy Conservatory
Minneapolis Blower Brothers - vintage video - early instruction
View TEC introductions to measurement products
Classroom Discussion Sessions
"Carbon monoxide safety for the life and death of it"
Suitable preparation for the HVAC Excellence Exam C-12
Introductions to combustion analysis, building and duct pressure measurement
"These individual Classroom Discussion slide videos will collectively cover the live presentations I conduct in time slots of 1½ hours to 12 hours. These segments represent over 40 years of accumulated information obtained from my interactions with many people in the interest of carbon monoxide and combustion safety. I've got thousands of slides. I hope to keep you interested in carbon monoxide and combustion safety where you are as I add and edit this information around on this site." Bob Dwyer, Carbon Monoxide Safety
Updated June 27, 2020
COSA Video 
Losing lives. Saving lives. Asthma. Carbon monoxide poisoning and deaths. Pollution reduction strategies for health. Thermal imaging furnace leakage. Losing parents to carbon monoxide has saved many lives, the Jenkins Foundation. Each posted story at the Carbon Monoxide News, provides discussion material for those interested in furthering safety practices and strategies. This video provides a few discussion summaries related to stories linked during June 3-15, 2020. (See more videos below in "Classroom Discussions")

BDCOSA - When oxygen is restricted or compromised to the developing fetus it can be fatal. It can also have devastating effects in cellular growth, muscular development and brain function. Carbon monoxide also killed 34 people on a dive boat. Families hospitalized from CO accidents and fire departments plead and educate for greater awareness and safety practices. View this COSA Classroom Discussion Video and others for more information regarding carbon monoxide and air quality safety.

COSA – Classroom Discussion Video
The construction and mechanical workplace can have many unsafe conditions and they could be in any house or building. You do not expect to be evacuated from a motel stay by a workplace carbon monoxide incident or to have worse pollution in your home than outside, but you may. Do we know enough about the air we breathe to not bother with measuring gases that can impair our health or kill us quickly? It seems that wrong choices and faulty instructions have hazardous momentums in our home and workplace safety efforts. (View more COSA Classroom Discussions)

COSA - Video - A medical call turns into a carbon monoxide incident with 50 evacuated; these incidences are preventable. Eager to get the bakery oven ready, the building fills with CO. A blocked boiler exhaust and more CO. Another problem with a senior care facility and too many extension cords with too big of a load. See more COSA - Carbon Monoxide News -

COSA - Video - Senior housing and many group home and care facilities house the world's most vulnerable people. - The weakness is exemplified with the high percentages of Covid-19 related deaths currently compounding in nursing homes around the world. - Carbon monoxide evacuations by nursing homes and other group homes are unnecessary and preventable. (See more COSA)

COSA - Video, Classroom Discussion segment
More and more of the people in the world’s population centers appear to be witnessing and acknowledging the conditions of the air around where they live. While the world population cloisters to help with the defense against Coronavirus, fire fighters and other emergency help providers (including the numerous critically trained and skilled providers) have compounded risks. Many are reviewing and discussing coronavirus and lung weakness. There are pollution rules weak and strong and now the occurring revelation of cities seeing their futures in the sky. (This is Part 2 regarding posted CO News links in summary for April 13-19, 2020

COSA - Video, Classroom Discussion segment
A son mentions a furnace problem and then there is carbon monoxide death. Death by CO in a mini-storage, recreational vehicle poisonings, construction carbon monoxide incidents, more cooking & barbeque fires and that nagging pollution compounding Coronavirus containment are included. (There were so many stories about less pollution all over the world with clearer skies than some have ever observed that this weekly summary is in two parts. This is Part 1)

Confined space, ovens, boats & pollution deaths - CO News Weekly Summary2 April 7-12, 2020 BDCOSA 
Many people work in confined space and worry more about insects, reptiles and spiders than even give a thought to the air they will be breathing. Many warnings regarding CO & smoke alarms with respect to emergency responders. A special call out to boaters everywhere. Sophia had a law named after her in Minnesota and with respect to her if not the law, put CO detectors in your boats when you are in them. As always, there is a request for low level carbon monoxide protection by everyone at home and with a personal CO monitor when you work or whenever a combustion system poses a risk to you. (See more slide/videos below in "Classroom Discussions")

COSA – Slide/Video
Carbon monoxide deaths from cooking ovens, cars and fires reported. Discussion articles note the additional hazards the COVID 19 virus has added to the critical tasks of fire fighters, police EMT's and HVACR technicians. A brief discussion of a gas oven testing location is presented to encourage more testing of this appliance. As always, there is a request for low level carbon monoxide protection by everyone at home and with a personal monitor with you when you work or whenever a combustion system poses a risk to you. (Video 14m38s BDCOSA)

Carbon Dioxide in Confined Space; Carbon Dioxide is in every breath you take 20m44s BDCOSA
COSA - slide/video
Measuring carbon dioxide is critical in determining indoor air quality measures in homes and buildings. 20 minutes, 44 seconds and see this easy to duplicate experiment; just add more people.

Carbon Monoxide News, Weekly Summary March 23 29 2020 16m14sBDCOSA
COSA - slide/video
Close calls and death - Carbon Monoxide News Weekly Summary March 23 to 29 2020. Review posted articles relevant to carbon monoxide, air quality, combustion and fire safety with the intent to raise awareness. Includes bonus video preview of Classroom Discussion segment regarding the practices of everyday measurement for professional technicians.

There are specific conditions required for complete combustion to occur. Fuel, air and heat are specific requirements and quantified by time, temperature and turbulence. Can the conditions of combustion be the same for a gas boiler waiting to fire and oily rags in a neglected heap left inside a room or building?

Are your symptoms flu-like? Don’t get lost in the symptoms – measure carbon monoxide. No matter what you do for a living you should know about the health impacts of carbon monoxide exposure and what your role in the prevention of poisoning. (Re-edit video of 031320) Bob Dwyer, CSME Carbon Monoxide Safety - Classroom Discussions (Video - Classroom Discussion - edited version)

Combustion Air and Death - Carbon Monoxide News, Summary March 8 - 15, 2020 09m10sBDCOSA
COSA - slide/video
A brief tutorial regarding combustion air and carbon monoxide generation and several stories from last week that unfortunately demonstrate the tutorial. Carbon monoxide safety education requires your daily measurement.

Carbon Monoxide News Weekly Summary March 1 thru 7 2020
COSA - slide/video
Three separate CO News stories connected by CO alarm circumstances. Know how your alarm is tested and how it responds to the actual presence of carbon monoxide. Bob Dwyer Classroom discussion segment, March 8 2020

CO alarms are lab tested with certified carbon monoxide gas to help demonstrate delayed response vs rapid response to the toxic gas in this 15-minute classroom tutorial. Always asking the question "How soon would you like notification that your health is at risk from carbon monoxide exposure?"

The following video link appears via You Tube on “BLEVE” search
BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) Demonstration - How it Happens Training Video
Video - Propane (LPG) tanks of any size can violently compound a structure fire – KEEP THEM OUTSIDE - This is an important notice to pass on to anyone.

Contact - the ESCO Group for more information on the CO exam and all their training and written exam certifications. Every item on this site is placed in the efforts to raise awareness to help reduce the impact carbon monoxide has on people.
You have asked - this following video shows the low-level CO alarm I have in my house. It is also a good tutorial about high level CO alarms. Every home should have at least one low level CO detector.Bob Dwyer , CSME Carbon Monoxide Safety - Carbon Monoxide Safety Association (COSA)
Low-Level Carbon Monoxide Protection and TPI Model 780
COSA - Video
TPI is a long-time sponsor of this CO education effort
When does your carbon monoxide alarm? How do you test it? Are you sure it is responding to carbon monoxide in a safe, timely manner? Do you know much about your carbon monoxide alarm? This Classroom Discussion segment does highlight low-level CO protection with one of our supporter's manufactured product while it helps with CO alarm education. (View video)
About this CO Safety slide/video construction program process
If you’re not measuring, I’m not teaching well. Can’t travel but can still teach and offer this help to all fellow instructors as they prepare the technicians who will help in providing safety practices and instruction to their future customers.

This also expands our community education program for fire departments, emergency responders, health care providers, code and building officials, housing and community action programs, heating and air conditioning companies and everyone else involved in community and individual safety practices where I have had the privilege to work with and those I haven’t.

NOTE - "Every live presentation I do is about carbon monoxide and associated conditions but each one is presented differently. This means I may charge up and add new slide/videos with the information from alternate perspectives. My slides will become familiar though it will seem the supportive CO News links will unfortunately also continue with painful similarities."

(It is important you take the Carbon Monoxide Safety Exams to demonstrate you have retained this specific safety information. But what is most important is that you begin CO measurement daily, always. Everywhere you go or are, others will have CO exposure protection and not even know it. You will be kind of a "Silent Protector" against the "Silent Killer". You will save lives; measure and see.)

We can accomplish and seek solutions through daily research and measurement. What is the point of teaching if we don’t practice what we teach? Without measurement add darkness to the description of "The Silent Killer". "We are all students gathering information when it comes to carbon monoxide safety." Bob Dwyer, CSME Carbon Monoxide Safety contact -
More and more information below

Please take CARBON MONOXIDE SAFETY CARE during all holiday and everyday activities.

U.S. Carbon Monoxide Laws for each state
National Conference of State Legislatures
As of March 2018, a majority of states have enacted statutes regarding carbon monoxide (CO) detectors, and another 11 have promulgated regulations on CO detectors. Alaska requires detectors approved by the state fire marshal be installed in all dwellings. Connecticut requires them in all new construction, as does New Hampshire, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, Washington and West Virginia. Florida also requires them in new construction, and in every room with a boiler. Minnesota passed a law requiring detectors in motor boats.

CO Detectors in U.S. Homes
27 states and the District of Columbia require carbon monoxide detectors in private dwellings via state statute: Alaska, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia (via adoption of the International Residential Code), Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia and Wisconsin. Certain states limit the installation to buildings with fossil-fuel burning devices, others only require the device be installed upon the sale of the property or unit.

Another 11 states require carbon monoxide detectors in private dwellings regulatorily through the adoption of the International Residential Code or via an amendment to their state’s building code: Alabama, Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Virginia, and Wyoming.

CO Detectors in U.S. Schools
California, Connecticut, Illinois, Maine and Maryland require carbon monoxide (CO) detectors in school buildings.

CO Detectors in U.S. Hotels and Motels
Fourteen states require the installation of carbon monoxide detectors in hotels and motels under the statute. - Three of those states (New Jersey, Vermont and Wisconsin) have complementary administrative regulations. - Two states (Kansas and Washington) have requirements through administrative regulations alone.
Ontario Canada Carbon Monoxide Alarm Legislation
Ministry of Community Safety & Correctional Services
Hawkins-Gignac Act
Fire Protection and Prevention Act, 1997
Ontario Regulation 194/14
Red Cross - Disaster Relief to safely assist law enforcement, fire department, utility company, city, county and state authorities as repair and rebuilding moves forward. Bob Dwyer, CSME Carbon Monoxide Safety

Nationally, the Red Cross provides food and shelter to people affected by as many as 70,000 fires annually, or about one fire every eight minutes.
We have all been CO poisoned, some more than others
We have all inhaled carbon monoxide. We are a world of fire users.

What is in the air you are breathing right now?
What will you be doing today; walking into poison?
Who will be responsible for the air you breathe?

You may be the only person who can prevent your own poisoning.

We are all vulnerable to carbon monoxide exposure and poisoning.

Everyone has been poisoned by CO and will be poisoned again. The degree of the poisoning depends upon allowing yourself to be in a situation where someone else controls the air you breathe and the mechanisms for alarming notification.

Please read the alarm information on the package and in the instructions that come with the carbon monoxide alarm. Know that if it is a U.L. 2034 Listed product (or CSA 6.19 Listed), it is a high level alarm that has been tested to alarm no sooner than 70 PPM at the lowest (the alarm must resist for one hour when above this level) and when over 400 PPM before 15 minutes at the highest concentration, after resisting alarming for 4 minutes when over this level.

Know when your fire department and emergency responders begin wearing their breathing apparatus and what their civilian evacuation levels are for carbon monoxide; it may be as soon as the gas is present in your presence. Pregnant women, infants & children, people with heart & respiratory struggles, those suffering depression or chronic headaches and all people of vulnerable health should be alerted as soon as the gas begins to concentrate, around 10 PPM (parts per million) or lower.

You'd prefer a low level carbon monoxide detector to sound off when carbon monoxide hazards are just beginning, not after you’ve been exposed to levels that make you have headaches, flu-like symptoms, increased tiredness, heart stresses or worse.

Do not take risks with carbon monoxide. Take responsibility for the air you breathe and the combustion systems you are responsible for. If you don’t do it for yourself, do it for others, unless you think $45.00, high level protection is good enough.

Help prevent injuries and deaths; don’t guess about carbon monoxide. Measure carbon monoxide for safety and knowledge. The more you test the more you learn. GET BUSY - Investigate the following video segments to explore low level carbon monoxide measurement.
CDC Carbon Monoxide Poisoning - Movie Release 2015 - Carbon Monoxide Poisoning. Public domain video from CDC. Carbon monoxide (sometimes referred to as CO) is a colorless, odorless gas produced (More)

Carbon Monoxide Safety - El Paso County, Colorado, Public Service Announcement
A well put together video is found with the next link, but remember: U.L. 2034 Listed CO Alarms are high level alarms. Use them for protection against acute levels, but be aware you can still experience symptoms of the poisoning even though the devices are in place.

About Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
DailyMotion - About Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Carbon Monoxide Awareness Website Launched Aimed at Saving Lives 

Carbon Monoxide Intoxication
Journal of Neurology and Neuroscience
Carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication is one of the main causes of poisoning in industrialized countries and it often leads to diagnostic errors…

Carbon monoxide intoxication.
However individuals with ischemic heart disease may experience chest pain and decreased exercise duration at COHb levels between 1% and 9%. COHb levels between 30% and 70% lead to loss of consciousness and eventually death… - has been designed with this in mind – to create a visual, interactive, educational resource which can hopefully end incidents of carbon monoxide poisoning and save lives… For more information, please visit -
Carbon Monoxide Canary - music link

Who is responsible for the air you breathe?
Take control inside your homes.
-Link to: → CO alarm standards –
The lowest U.L. 2034 & CSA 6.19 carbon monoxide alarm test point is:
- 70 PPM to 149 PPM –resist one hour, must alarm before 4 hours
Please read the alarm information on the package and in the instructions. Know when your fire department and emergency responders begin wearing their breathing apparatus and what their civilian evacuation levels are for carbon monoxide; it may be before 70 PPM. It is for pregnant women, infants & children, the elderly and all people of vulnerable health. Bob Dwyer, CSME Carbon Monoxide Safety

Low Level CO Protection
Low-Level Carbon Monoxide Protection and TPI Model 780
COSA - Video
TPI is a long time sponsor of this CO education effort.
When does your carbon monoxide alarm? How do you test it? Are you sure it is responding to carbon monoxide in a safe, timely manner? Do you know much about your carbon monoxide alarm? This Classroom Discussion segment does highlight low-level CO protection with one of our supporter's manufactured product while it helps with CO alarm education. (View video)
Links that may be of use or interest
Current Data for Atmospheric CO2

Federal Aviation Administration CO warning

Carbon monoxide toxicity-Emergency Medicine Ireland
Carbon Monoxide detection- National Fire Protection Association
Tribute - George Kerr, a pioneer in smoke and carbon monoxide alarm manufacturing passed away in his home during the early morning of July 4, 2017. George will always be remembered for his passion to save lives and protect the health of people through low level carbon monoxide detection and alarming. He lived for over 84 years, beginning his career in fire safety in 1953.“CITIZENS WILL CONTINUE TO DIE & BECOME SERIOUSLY ILL DAILY!” - “We’ll never know how many lives we’re saving, but I know we are saving a few.” George E. Kerr (1933-2017)

Tribute - Rudy Leatherman, a co-author of "Carbon Monoxide, a Clear and Present Danger" passed away in July of 2020 due to a tragic accident. Rudy had instructed thousands of HVACR technicians over the course of his career and helped pioneer and promote active testing and verification  procedures on all combustion systems. Rudy, a friend to all and accountable for saving many lives. Rudy Leatherman, in my heart and practice. Bob Dwyer, CSME Carbon Monoxide Safety.